Two women stand on either side of a podium speaking to an audience
Emilie Flamme ’20 (left) and Professor Mona Oraby (right) presented the project in Frost Library prior to the shift to remote learning.

What does belief look like? Or enchantment?

Such was the challenge facing Emilie Flamme ’20 as she illustrated the core concepts in A Universe of Terms, an online project in religious studies edited by Mona Oraby, assistant professor of law, jurisprudence and social thought.

The project is an offshoot of The Immanent Frame, a digital publication that Oraby also edits, and that concerns interdisciplinary questions of secularism, religion and the public sphere. It is published by the Social Science Research Council.

The new project is in part inspired by Critical Terms for Religious Studies (1998)—“The idea is to demonstrate to students—as I always strive to do in my classrooms, as many professors at Amherst do—the variety of perspectives on a single question, on a single term,” Oraby says. For instance, for the entry on “body,” Ayesha S. Chaudhry, associate professor of Islamic studies and gender studies at the University of British Columbia, wrote three anecdotes about her experiences in different mosques around the world.

A Universe of Terms is a multimedia resource. Each term is accompanied by at least three essays, plus images, links to more writing and a public Spotify playlist.

Flamme, a double major in architectural studies and Russian, got in touch with Oraby while putting together a 70-page illustrated text on postwar Lebanon for the course “Globalism and Its Discontents.”

A year later Oraby approached Flamme about collaborating: “Sometimes academics generate projects that they think will be useful to undergraduates or students generally, but without including them in the process of development,” Oraby says. “I wanted to make sure we were including student perspectives.”

Flamme set out to create spare images that represent the terms but allow the viewer to mentally fill in the details. Flamme ultimately created 14 images—one corresponding to each term.

Emilie Flamme and Mona Oraby
Emilie Flamme ’20 (left) and Professor Mona Oraby (right)

“There’s a star,” Flamme says, “there are hands, there’s a body shape, there are circles. I wanted there to be continuity, so that if someone is looking at an image about ‘economy’ and you’re looking at an image about ‘performance,’ there could be something to say about the two of them.”

The images take inspiration from Flamme’s own life. One example: “The shape of the body is the shape of my childhood doll. It doesn’t look like anything necessarily, but it has a sort of universal feel to it.”

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